Share, , Google Plus, Pinterest,

Print

Posted in:

Healthy Heart Diet: Menu for a Week

Healthy heart diet

After decades of research, American and European cardiologists concluded that the main enemies of the heart are bad eating habits. This time we will talk about healthy heart diet.

What does it mean?

The most important condition for maintaining a healthy heart until old age – is to exclude foods high in “bad” cholesterol from the daily meals. This substance stimulates the deposition of fat clots in the walls of blood vessels and impedes the flow of blood. The load on the heart and blood vessels is increased. Sooner or later, due to poor circulation, necrosis of cardiac tissue (myocardial infarction) or cerebral hemorrhage (stroke) can occur.

By the way, the blacklist of food rich in “bad” cholesterol, includes not only margarine and mayonnaise, but also, for example, shrimps.

Do not be afraid of dark chocolate – it contains flavonoids, that increase the level of “good” cholesterol in the blood. It purifies the vessel walls from fat clots. Furthermore, for your healthy heart, it is important to monitor the level of sodium and amino acid homocysteine in the blood and timely replenish “heart” vitamins and minerals – potassium, magnesium, vitamin C, E, B12, B3, B9, and omega-3 fatty acids.

How does the diet work?

Healthy heart diet: vitamines

  • The excess amount of homocysteine in the body provokes atherosclerosis. To normalize it you need vitamin B12 and B9;
  • Sodium retains water in the body – it causes high blood pressure and the increased load on the heart and blood vessels. Therefore, its consumption should be reduced to 1000-1500 mg per day (see the Table);
  • Potassium and magnesium provide a normal heart rate, and the lack of them can lead to high blood pressure. If you are taking these minerals in pills, keep in mind that oversupply is also dangerous;
  • Vitamins C and E inhibit the deposition of cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels and normalize blood pressure. Vitamin C also strengthens the capillaries, and E reduces the density of cholesterol plaques;
  • Vitamin B3 stimulates the production of “good” cholesterol. Foods rich in vitamin 3 include: dairy products, fish, nuts, and eggs;
  • Omega-3 fatty acids are a tonic for the heart. Only with their involvement cardiac muscle cells can function properly.

How to stick to the diet?

  • Replace butter and jams with thick fruit puree, mayonnaise – with natural yoghurt, pepper and herbs. Consume vegetable oil no more than 5-7 tsp. per day;
  • Eat more fresh greens and use it at every opportunity in pizza, soups, stews, pasta, sandwiches;
  • Study labels: if they contains “hydrogenated” or “partially hydrogenated fats”, look for a healthier option. Inscriptions “no salt”, “low in salt / sodium” – are a good sign.
  • Eat baked or boiled fish two or three times a week, combining it with vegetable salad;
  • Add a couple of tablespoons of berries, walnuts, ground flax seed or bran to the morning porridge or yogurt. Bake on healthy flour. Experiment with new whole grain cereals. Taste bulgur, barley, green buckwheat, red and black rice;
  • Keep in the refrigerator slices of fruit and vegetables (bell peppers, carrots, celery, cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, apples), snack or add them to soups and sauces. For example, broccoli can be ground to a hot tomato sauce for spaghetti, carrots – to beef stew.

What should be abandoned?

  • Liver, kidneys, skin (they contain maximum cholesterol), fatty pork, sausages, salami, duck;
  • Shrimps, fish roe;
  • Mayonnaise, margarine, cream cheese, whole milk and condensed milk, cream, sour cream;
  • Fried dishes, fatty cakes (cookies, eclairs, donuts, tiramisu, biscuits);
  • Instant soups, sauces, canned food, salted nuts, soy sauce, salt;
  • Strong coffee, alcohol and cigarettes.

Junk food

What to focus on?

  • Chicken, turkey, veal, rabbit;
  • Low-fat cheese (less than 12% fat), cottage cheese, egg whites, low-fat yogurt and kefir;
  • White fish (cod, peak, flounder), fatty fish (herring, mackerel, sardines, tuna, salmon);
  • Fresh seasonal or frozen vegetables, berries and fruits, oatmeal, coarse-grained cereals (barley, buckwheat, green, red and black rice, bulgur), beans, boiled potatoes;
  • Unleavened bread, crackers, oatmeal cookies, nuts, jelly;
  • Milk and dairy products, spices and herbs, mustard, vinegar.

How many times a day to eat?

Eat three to five times a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner – always; lunch and afternoon snack – optional. The scientists concluded, that consuming food in small portions each three hours of activity is far better, than eating a lot once or twice a day.

Duration and the result

You should always adhere to the heart healthy diet. It helps to improve blood circulation and keep the heart and blood vessels as healthy as possible for many years.

Healthy heart diet

Menu for a week

Sunday

BreakfastApple granola
Yogurt
BrunchSalad of dark leafy greens with canned tuna, slices of apple and pumpkin seeds
LunchPea soup
Salmon fillet on the grill
(before baking , marinate in a mixture of lemon juice, spices and minced garlic for 15 minutes) mashed potatoes with herbs
Snack1 sliced banana and 2-3 kiwi with low-fat whipped cream
Dinner2 bell peppers stuffed with pearl barley, walnuts and greens

Monday

BreakfastFruit salad with a handful of almonds and natural yoghurt
BrunchUnleavened bread sandwich with avocado, a ball of mozzarella, tomato and spinach
LunchThick potato soup with feta cheese
Snack1 sliced banana and 2-3 kiwi with low-fat whipped cream
DinnerDurum wheat  pasta  with vegetables and herbs

Tuesday

BreakfastOatmeal with berries, walnuts and milled flax seeds
BrunchGreen smoothie
LunchThe soup of fennel and spinach with chicken broth
Vegetable stew with meat
SnackCarrot and orange truffles
DinnerBaked cabbage

Wednesday

BreakfastBuckwheat pancakes with honey and blueberries
Orange juice
Brunch2 oatmeal cookies
LunchSoup with mackerel and dill
Eggplant caviar with sliced celery
SnackSorbet of mango, banana and black currant
DinnerSaag paneer
Pellets of wheatgrass

Thursday

BreakfastCottage cheese and berry gratin
BrunchHalf of pita stuffed with feta cheese, sliced cucumbers, tomatoes and herbs
LunchBean soup with greens
SnackAn apple
DinnerWarm salad of bulgur, pepper and arugula

Friday

BreakfastOmelet with red onion, leek, tomatoes and spinach
BrunchBanana ice cream
LunchBorscht
Quick meat pie
SnackCarrot and cottage cheese soufflé
DinnerBaked stuffed potatoes
Fried green onion

Saturday

BreakfastOatmeal with walnuts, berries and milled flax seeds
BrunchNatural yogurt with raisins
LunchCabbage soup, Boiled green beans with chopped almonds
SnackSandwich with hummus, tomato and greens
DinnerFlounder garnished with rice and roasted vegetables

The daily rate of products for a healthy heart

NameRateWhere to dind
Vitamin С70-75 mg(F), 90 mg (M)Bell pepper (209 mg / 1 pc.), kiwi (74 mg / 1 pc.), orange (70 mg / 1 pc.), strawberry (60 mg / 100 g)
В122-4 mkg (f), 4-6 mkg (M)Beef(2 mkg / 100 g), cottage cheese, hard cheeses, (1 mkg / 100g), kefir and eggs (0,5 mkg / 100 g)
В9400 mgLeafy greens and herbs (200 mkg / 100 g), spinach, walnuts(150 mkg / 100 g), beans, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts (80-10 mkg / 100 g), eggs, strawberry, almond (60-80 mkg / 100 g)
Vitamin Е8-10 mg (F), 10-12 mg (M)Wheat germ (21 mg / 100 g), almonds and sunflower seeds (7 mg / 100 g), sunflower oil (5 mg / 100 мл), spinach, avocado and olive oil(2 mg / 100 g)
Omega 31000 mgMackerel (1400 mg / 100 g), sardines(1000 mg / 100 g), salmon(800 mg /100 g)
Potassium4700 mgAvocado(970 mg / 100 g), potatoes(850 mg / 100 g), dried apricots (407 mg / 100 g),raisins (1099 mg / 100 g)
Magnesium280-300 mg (F), 270-400 mg (M)Pearl barley (158 mg / 100 g), buckwheat flour(301 mg / 100 g), oat-flakes (221 mg / 100 g), almond(156 mg / 50 g), pumpkin seeds (151 mg / 30 g), spinach(157 mg / 100 g)
Sodium1000-1500 mgMeat and fish (70-85 mg / 100 g), eggs (65 mg / 1 pc.), cheese (250-500 mg / 100 g), bread(650 mg / 100 g), salt (2400 mg / 1 tsp), soy sauce(1300 mg / 1 tbsp.)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *